Almost half the population suffers from some kind of scalp problem.
These problems are very often caused by dandruff. As your scalp becomes irritated by the dandruff-causing microbe, Malassezia globosa, your scalp responds not just by flaking but can become itchy and dry too.
Research shows itching is actually the most common and most uncomfortable side effect of dandruff.
As your scalp becomes irritated, it starts to feel itchy. And of course, your immediate reaction is to scratch.
But scratching can damage an already delicate scalp, leading to more irritation, so it becomes a vicious cycle.
Discover the symptoms and treatment for itchy scalp.
If you’ve ever experienced dry skin on your face or hands, you’ll know the tight feeling that’s a key sign your skin’s moisture defences are damaged.
And it’s exactly the same on your scalp. As dandruff damages the skin’s natural moisture defences it can dry out, causing it to feel tight and uncomfortable.
It can also affect the hair, making it frizzy and dry as it fails to get sufficient moisture to keep it looking healthy.
Explore our dry scalp tips and advice.
The scalp is the third most common area for sensitive skin after the hands and face, meaning it can become red and irritated easily.
There’s plenty you can do, from simple things like turning the water temperature down in the shower to choosing a shampoo that’s designed to be gentle on sensitive skin.
More about sensitive scalp
Struggling with more severe scalp problems?
Itch, dryness and sensitive scalp aren’t the only problems you might experience. There are also more severe problems including:
- scalp psoriasis
- seborrheic dermatitis
Find out more about these issues including how to spot them and how to treat them with our experts’ guide to severe scalp problems.